[Tạm dịch] Các tiêu chuẩn cần có để được đề cử Oscar

phamngocphong

Senior Member
Today, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced new representation and inclusion standards for Oscars® eligibility in the Best Picture category, as part of its Academy Aperture 2025 initiative. The standards are designed to encourage equitable representation on and off screen in order to better reflect the diversity of the movie-going audience. Academy governors DeVon Franklin and Jim Gianopulos headed a task force to develop the standards that were created from a template inspired by the British Film Institute (BFI) Diversity Standards used for certain funding eligibility in the UK and eligibility in some categories of the British Academy of Film and Television (BAFTA) Awards, but were adapted to serve the specific needs of the Academy. The Academy also consulted with the Producers Guild of America (PGA), as it presently does for Oscars eligibility.

“The aperture must widen to reflect our diverse global population in both the creation of motion pictures and in the audiences who connect with them. The Academy is committed to playing a vital role in helping make this a reality,” said Academy President David Rubin and Academy CEO Dawn Hudson. “We believe these inclusion standards will be a catalyst for long-lasting, essential change in our industry.”

For the 94th Oscars (2022) and 95th Oscars (2023), submitting a confidential Academy Inclusion Standards form will be required for Best Picture consideration, however meeting inclusion thresholds will not be required for eligibility in the Best Picture category until the 96th Oscars (2024).

For the 96th Oscars (2024), a film must meet TWO out of FOUR of the following standards to be deemed eligible:

STANDARD A: ON-SCREEN REPRESENTATION, THEMES AND NARRATIVES
To achieve Standard A, the film must meet ONE of the following criteria:

A1. Lead or significant supporting actors

At least one of the lead actors or significant supporting actors is from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group.
• Asian
• Hispanic/Latinx
• Black/African American
• Indigenous/Native American/Alaskan Native
• Middle Eastern/North African
• Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
• Other underrepresented race or ethnicity

A2. General ensemble cast

At least 30% of all actors in secondary and more minor roles are from at least two of the following underrepresented groups:
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing

A3. Main storyline/subject matter

The main storyline(s), theme or narrative of the film is centered on an underrepresented group(s).
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing


STANDARD B: CREATIVE LEADERSHIP AND PROJECT TEAM
To achieve Standard B, the film must meet ONE of the criteria below:

B1. Creative leadership and department heads

At least two of the following creative leadership positions and department heads—Casting Director, Cinematographer, Composer, Costume Designer, Director, Editor, Hairstylist, Makeup Artist, Producer, Production Designer, Set Decorator, Sound, VFX Supervisor, Writer—are from the following underrepresented groups:
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing

At least one of those positions must belong to the following underrepresented racial or ethnic group:
• Asian
• Hispanic/Latinx
• Black/African American
• Indigenous/Native American/Alaskan Native
• Middle Eastern/North African
• Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
• Other underrepresented race or ethnicity

B2. Other key roles

At least six other crew/team and technical positions (excluding Production Assistants) are from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group. These positions include but are not limited to First AD, Gaffer, Script Supervisor, etc.

B3. Overall crew composition
At least 30% of the film’s crew is from the following underrepresented groups:
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing


STANDARD C: INDUSTRY ACCESS AND OPPORTUNITIES
To achieve Standard C, the film must meet BOTH criteria below:

C1. Paid apprenticeship and internship opportunities

The film’s distribution or financing company has paid apprenticeships or internships that are from the following underrepresented groups and satisfy the criteria below:
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing

The major studios/distributors are required to have substantive, ongoing paid apprenticeships/internships inclusive of underrepresented groups (must also include racial or ethnic groups) in most of the following departments: production/development, physical production, post-production, music, VFX, acquisitions, business affairs, distribution, marketing and publicity.

The mini-major or independent studios/distributors must have a minimum of two apprentices/interns from the above underrepresented groups (at least one from an underrepresented racial or ethnic group) in at least one of the following departments: production/development, physical production, post-production, music, VFX, acquisitions, business affairs, distribution, marketing and publicity.

C2. Training opportunities and skills development (crew)

The film’s production, distribution and/or financing company offers training and/or work opportunities for below-the-line skill development to people from the following underrepresented groups:
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing


STANDARD D: AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT
To achieve Standard D, the film must meet the criterion below:

D1. Representation in marketing, publicity, and distribution


The studio and/or film company has multiple in-house senior executives from among the following underrepresented groups (must include individuals from underrepresented racial or ethnic groups) on their marketing, publicity, and/or distribution teams.
• Women
• Racial or ethnic group

  • Asian
  • Hispanic/Latinx
  • Black/African American
  • Indigenous/Native American/Alaskan Native
  • Middle Eastern/North African
  • Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
  • Other underrepresented race or ethnicity
• LGBTQ+
• People with cognitive or physical disabilities, or who are deaf or hard of hearing

All categories other than Best Picture will be held to their current eligibility requirements. Films in the specialty feature categories (Animated Feature Film, Documentary Feature, International Feature Film) submitted for Best Picture/General Entry consideration will be addressed separately.

Academy Aperture 2025 is the next phase of the Academy’s equity and inclusion initiative furthering the organization’s ongoing efforts to advance inclusion in the entertainment industry and increase representation within its membership and the greater film community.
Tạm dịch bởi facebook: Linh Bảo Ngô
Các tiêu chuẩn cần có để được đủ điều kiện tham dự Oscar:

Tình hình có vẻ khó cho các phim muốn tranh Oscar (hoặc dễ). Họ ra mắt 1 loạt các yêu cầu bắt buộc phải đặt được 2 trên 4.
Tiêu chí A:
A1 - Vai chính hoặc vai phụ quan trọng phải trong nhóm underrepresented racial hay ethnic group như:
  • Châu Á
  • Latin
  • Da đen/người Mỹ gốc Phi
  • Các dân tộc thiểu số/Thổ dân châu Mỹ/Thổ dân Alaska
  • Trung Đông/Bắc Phi
  • Người Hawaii hoặc có gốc Thái Bình Dương
  • Các cộng đồng và sắc tộc khác ít được chú ý tới
A2 - Ít nhất 30% số diễn viên vào vai phụ hoặc quần chúng phải tới từ ít nhất hai nhóm sau:
  • Phụ nữ
  • Các nhóm sắc tộc và cộng đồng thiểu số
  • LGBTQ+
  • Người khuyết tật
A3 - Chủ đề phim, nội dung xoay quanh những nhóm người trên
TIÊU CHÍ B:
Để đạt tiêu chí B, phim phải đạt ít nhất 1 trong các tiêu chí sau:
B1 - Ít nhất 2 trong số các vị trí của đoàn phim (Casting Director, Cinematographer, Composer, Costume Designer, Director, Editor, Hairstylist, Makeup Artist, Producer, Production Designer, Set Decorator, Sound, VFX Supervisor, Writer) thuộc các nhóm:
  • Phụ nữ
  • A1
  • LGBTQ+
  • Người khuyết tật
Ít nhất một trong số các vị trí kể trên phải từ các nhóm người:
  • Châu Á
  • Latin/Hispanic
  • Da đen/người Mỹ gốc Phi
  • Các dân tộc thiểu số/Thổ dân châu Mỹ/Thổ dân Alaska
  • Trung Đông/Bắc Phi
  • Người Hawaii hoặc có gốc Thái Bình Dương
  • Các cộng đồng và sắc tộc khác
B2 - Ít nhất SÁU thành viên sản xuất (ngoại trừ Trợ lý sản xuất) phải thuộc các nhóm ít được đại diện. Không bao gồm các vị trí First AD, Gaffer, Script Supervisor
B3 - Ít nhất 30% toàn bộ đội ngũ sản xuất là:
  • Phụ nữ
  • A1
  • LGBTQ+
  • Người khuyết tật
Nguồn: https://www.oscars.org/news/academy...n-and-inclusion-standards-oscarsr-eligibility
Các anh em hết ý kiến về các bộ phim đoạt Oscar gần đây nhé :doubt:
 
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